The Afghan Local Police, or ALP, is expected to serve as a defensive presence, manning security checkpoints to keep insurgents from gaining ground. The VSO program entailed a comprehensive and complementary plan incorporating aspects of security, governance, and development utilizing a ‘bottom up’ methodology. Fighting picked up across the country, albeit at a lowered intensity that seemed tied to the Doha agreement (although it was not spelled out in the public text). Abdul Rashid Dostum, the first vice president and an ex-militia leader, has publicly called for a new force of 20,000. Goodhand, Jonathan and Aziz Hakimi, Counterinsurgency, Local Militias, and Statebuilding in Afghanistan, United States Institute of Peace, December 2014. As of 2016 the Afghan Local Police has been fully transferred to the Afghan Ministry of Interior. Nomination and vetting is made by local village councils, with training pr… No need to register, buy now! Most popular Most recent. An initial target of 10,000 members was set by the Afghan government and the US Congress agreed to provide funding for up to 30,000 policemen. It was originally planned to operate for between two and five years. The recruits are selected and vetted by the village or community leaders and are also screened by the Afghan National Police (ANP) and Ministry of Interior (MoI). Filter by post type. The men are part of the Afghan Local Police, originally village militias that have been brought under a centralized command structure since last year. Mark Moyar (710 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Colombia, Afghanistan, and Mali: Village Stability Operations and the Afghan Local Police (2014), Countering Violent Extremism in Mali (2015), and Persistent A decision to suspend the training of new Afghan Local Police recruits was the first tap on the brakes for one of the most controversial programs in the Afghan security plan. Dozens of … Ensure unified messaging among member states so as to best use Europe’s principal sources of leverage – financial assistance and economic engagement with a future government – to nudge negotiations forward. According to local authorities in western Badghis province of Afghanistan, a number of Afghan local police forces joined the Taliban militants group in Bala Morghab district on Saturday. A local policing venture in Afghanistan’s northeastern Kapisa province is faltering as men leave the force because their wages have been cut. The ‘top down’ system of pushing security, development, and governance from Kabul to the provinces and districts was viewed as not working. The Afghan Local Police (ALP) emerged out of an American special forces’ project to establish ‘community defence forces’ in 2009 and 2010. The ALP also stand in the middle of a policy debate about whether the Kabul government can best defend itself with loosely regulated units outside the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) structure. Afghan Local Police: when the solution becomes the problem It was ten years ago this month that Operation Enduring Freedom began in Afghanistan. President Obama recently announced a course correction relative to the U.S. troop reduction in Afghanistan. His chief challenger, Abdullah Abdullah, and allied politicians threatened to not only protest the results but also establish a “parallel government”. This, in turn, would cause a lot of bad press when the ‘so-called ALP’ engaged in humanitarian abuses, corruption, intimidation, and predatory practices – leading the international press (usually European) to criticize the ALP program. The Afghan police consists of approximately 160,000 police officers and the majority are patrolmen. The Afghan Local Police were part of a larger counterinsurgency program of the U.S. Special Forces called Village Stability Operations (VSO). There are about 18,000 Afghan Local Police personnel trained by the U.S. who must be disarmed and employed. www.usip.org/sites/default/files/PW90-Counterinsurgency-Local-Militias-and-Statebuilding-in-Afghanistan.pdf. In addition, warlords and power brokers would form up local militias and call them ALP. Since 2001, when intelligence officers arrived in northern Afghanistan to raise local militias against the Taliban, the U.S. presence has been associated with a proliferation of irregular or semi-regular forces backed by American sponsors. The Afghan Local Police would have to wear a special uniform, be finger printed, and wear a special uniform. The EU’s influence over the Afghan peace process, and any outcome that may result, depends in large part on whether Afghan parties – including the Taliban – perceive it as a fair interlocutor. Afghan Local Police (ALP) trainees hold up their certificates of completion during graduation day, Ghazni district, Ghazni province, Afghanistan, Sept. 26, 2013. Fears of predation by armed groups of all stripes are hardly new – the EU Council addressed them in its May conclusions. They reject any discussion of a lasting and comprehensive one until, as their spokesperson said, “the root causes of the war” – ambiguous language that could mean anything from the West’s influence, to the exclusion of parts of population from power, to the abuses of government-allied strongmen – are addressed. Many Afghans and international observers are concerned that a hasty settlement could result in degradation of civil liberties and human rights, especially women’s rights, as well as regression into state fracture and full-fledged civil war. The village elders, Afghan security representatives, and special operations personnel would conduct a ‘shura’ and / or ‘jirga’ to discuss the forming of an ALP unit. Most popular Most recent The Afghan police traces its roots to the early 18th-century when the Hotak dynasty was … The chequered history suggests further expansion of such forces would be a mistake, but an abrupt halt to the program would give insurgents a military edge, and ex-fighters might also be drawn to banditry and other forms of lawlessness if not carefully reintegrated into society or the ANSF. Ahmad Shah Ghani Zada is the former Senior Editor of Khaama Press Agency who … The Taliban carried out fewer high-profile attacks in cities than in previous years and limited their large-scale assaults on government forces. Local police units in a Ghazni district are routinely demanding villagers pay them tributes of money and agricultural goods, a two-month IWPR investigation has found. Photo. Oversight mechanisms should have power only to reduce or eliminate ALP where the program is not working, not authorise bigger rosters or shift resources to new locations. Author. Afghan Uniform Police 2. 5 Afghan Local Police members killed in Kunduz attack. Text. Afghan security forces maintained a largely defensive posture, which officials claimed was a demonstration of the government’s commitment to peace, but almost certainly also owed to the near cessation of U.S. airstrikes after 29 February. Local police units in a Ghazni district are routinely demanding villagers pay them tributes of money and agricultural goods, a two-month IWPR investigation has found. This pledge would be the greatest possible show of support for the Afghan government as it negotiates an end to the war, and it would demonstrate to the Taliban that Afghanistan’s international partners remain invested in the post-2004 constitutional order and the gains it has won. Afghan Local Police < > Most popular. In hundreds of rural communities, members serve on the front lines of a war that is reaching heights of violence not witnessed since 2001, as insurgents start to credibly threaten major cities. Given Afghanistan’s contentious politics and its weak formal institutions, civil society's participation in the peace process will be vital to ensure the representation of popular interests and preferences. Secondly, the EU can help steady the Afghan government’s negotiation approach by offering its good offices to ensure a smoother, more streamlined dialogue to implement the political compromise between President Ghani and Abdullah. Certainly the program could have used greater support from the Afghan government, Ministry of Interior, local governmental officials, and some Coalition conventional unit commanders. Reforms are needed to strengthen oversight, dismiss ALP in the many locations where they worsen security and incorporate the remaining units into the ANSF. The severe economic impact of lockdowns, however, was evident within weeks, leading many Afghans – including many officials – to ignore restrictions in most of the country outside Kabul. The target goal for 2011 was 10,000 forces, the US military reportedly plans to increase the number of forces to 30,000. Chat. In hundreds of rural communities, members serve on the front lines of a war that is reaching heights of violence not witnessed since 2001, as insurgents start to credibly threaten major cities. The recruits would be screened by the Afghan security representatives and vetted by the community. The U.S. also waded into Kabul politics when contestation of the 2019 presidential election results escalated into full-scale dysfunction. None has approached the scale of the ALP, which has perhaps 29,000 men deployed in 29 of 34 provinces. A minority of villagers describe it as an indispensable source of protection, without which their districts would become battlegrounds or insurgent havens, but it is more common to hear complaints that ALP prey upon the people they are supposed to guard. Since issuing those May conclusions, European governments have diverged in their reactions to prisoner exchanges, and uncertainty lingers about their views on a major planned donor conference in Geneva. Although the 2010 Afghan Local Police initiative brought them under the authority of Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for Afghan Local Police 35 found (56 total) alternate case: afghan Local Police Mark Moyar (710 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Colombia, Afghanistan, and Mali: Village Stability Operations and the Afghan Local Police (2014), Countering Violent Extremism in Mali (2015), and Persistent The EU should review and report on earlier civil society and development efforts in Afghanistan to support peacebuilding, some of them initiated more than a decade ago, to identify effective initiatives. The insurgent group made none of its traditional annual attempts to overrun provincial capitals and did not announce its usual spring offensive. He approved a 10,000-man roster as a two- to five-year temporary measure to address growing instability, although the program rapidly expanded. Afghan Security Woes Continue Unabated. “The Afghan Local Police needs to be fixed before it can be expanded,” said Brad Adams, Asia director at Human Rights Watch. The ALP This ‘Special Operations Advisory Group’ or SOAG – of probably 20-25 members – monitors, provides oversight, and performs the ‘Train, Advise, and Assist’ mission for the ALP directorate of the MoI. Such reports, which have circulated widely among Afghans, amplify fears many already have about the potential impact of peace talks on human rights: not only could talks herald a return to political power of the Taliban, whose abuses many Afghans recall all too well, but they might also lead to the proliferation of government-affiliated militias, who have their own terrible track record. He said the incident happened in Khash district at midnight when a vehicle carrying the personnel hit a roadside mine. Crisis Group's senior Afghanistan analyst, Graeme Smith, sheds some light on the uncertain nature of the ALP, and looks at the confusion surrounding whether they are harming or helping the situation. Coalition forces hope that this in turn allows the Afghan National Police, a force that receives more extensive training, to … As the intra-Afghan talks proceed, the EU can exert a positive influence. President Hamid Karzai eventually accepted the ALP concept after insisting the armed villagers would at least nominally be categorised as “police” and answer to the interior ministry. In hundreds of rural communities, members serve on the front lines of a war that is reaching heights of violence not witnessed since 2001, as … The Afghan Local Police (ALP) began as a small U.S. experiment but grew into a significant part of Afghanistan’s security apparatus. www.usip.org/sites/default/files/PW90-Counterinsurgency-Local-Militias-and-Statebuilding-in-Afghanistan.pdf, NATO / Europe / Russia News Update – SOF News, Copyright © 2020 | WordPress Theme by MH Themes. Le migliori offerte per Ricamata / Embroidered Patch "Afghan Local Police" with VELCRO® brand hook sono su eBay Confronta prezzi e caratteristiche di prodotti nuovi e usati Molti articoli con consegna gratis! Despite being viewed by many as ‘militias in uniform’, the ALP has survived and grown to become a significant part of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), present in all but three of Afghanistan’s provinces. Though not technically a ceasefire, this period saw a significant drop in fighting between Taliban and Afghan security forces. Grid View List View. The Afghan Local Police (ALP) began as a small U.S. experiment but grew into a significant part of Afghanistan’s security apparatus. As a result, the Afghan Local Police (ALP) program, one of the core pillars of VSO, have been initiated by USSOF and officially endorsed by the Karzai government in mid-August, 2010. By ensuring that Ghani and Abdullah continue to communicate on and implement their power-sharing commitments, the EU can help mend relations that in turn will improve the negotiators’ effectiveness. Find the perfect afghan local police stock photo. The ALP units are recruited from local communities of key areas where Afghan government influence or control was minimal. Meanwhile, the U.S. applied pressure on both sides, dragging the prisoner exchange forward, as the government and Taliban let prisoners go in small batches. The Afghan Local Police (ALP) began as a small U.S. experiment but grew into a significant part of Afghanistan’s security apparatus. To help avoid those outcomes, the European Union and its member states should: An atmosphere of nervous anticipation prevailed in Afghanistan when the U.S. and Taliban signed an agreement in Qatar’s capital Doha on 29 February, laying out a timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops in exchange for anti-terrorism guarantees and a promise to commence intra-Afghan negotiations. Many Special Forces personnel believed that the establishment of local security forces similar to the Afghan historical arbakai would capitalize on Afghans who would likely fight for their own tribes and communities but would be less inclined to fight for a central government located in a distant Kabul. While not recognized by the Ministry of Interior and not supported by the United States the international community would sometimes confuse these illegal militias with the ‘official ALP’. Brussels should balance its support for the Afghan government with acknowledgment that the Taliban will be a major political force in any post-peace Afghan order. The Afghan government passed legislation to establish the Local Police in July 2010 and formal establishment occurred under a presidential decree of 16 August that year. There is need for reform on a number of issues – insufficient equipment, poor training, lack of oversight, corruption, ‘ghost policemen’, and more. The releases stretched into September before reaching the 29 February agreement’s promised totals. These included two attacks on prominent women’s rights activists in Kabul. Afghan Local Police < > Most recent. If the proposed reforms are implemented, continued funding is appropriated by the U.S. Congress, and the Ministry of Interior improves its support of the program then the Afghan Local Police will prove to have been a positive security measure for the Afghan government. Ask. At least 11 members of the Afghan local police, including their commander, were killed in a roadside bomb blast in Badakhshan province on Friday night, the provincial police spokesman Sanaullah Rohani said. Disputes between Ghani and opposition leaders have already hampered governance and they will almost certainly bleed over into the negotiating team’s internal deliberations during talks. afghan local police. The present report assesses the performance of the ALP in providing security in these areas and the ALP future. Local security officials also vowed to expand the formation of Afghan Local Police force in other regions and districts of northern Baghlan in the near future. In one of a series of reports based on her fieldwork in Afghanistan in April 2012, Vanda Felbab-Brown analyzes the Afghan Local Police and other self-defense forces programs. A number of key districts were identified by the U.S. Special Forces for the establishment of Village Stability Platforms (VSPs). . The Afghan Local Police (ALP) was established by U.S. Army Special Forces in 2010 to serve as a locally-based village or community self-defense force. Continue pressing for a more inclusive peace process, particularly in terms of women’s representation in the Afghan government’s negotiating team and affiliated bodies. Anche l’Afghanistan ha il suo Rambo: si chiama Awal Khan. approved’ ALP units had received. The Afghan Local Police (ALP) began as a small U.S. experiment but grew into a significant part of Afghanistan’s security apparatus. Almost any successful settlement will include the Taliban’s re-entry into Afghanistan’s political system. There was constant disagreement between the SOF HQs  and the MoI on where ALP units should be formed up. Just days before 29 February, President Ghani was declared winner by the narrowest of margins, without official clarity on multiple vote recounts and audits. Colonel Tom Collins, a … Washington’s allies have been reluctant to get involved with the program, but they should set aside their concerns as ALP members become bona fide policemen and leave behind the ALP’s history as a U.S. military project. In addition, the Afghan Ministry of Interior (MoI) had to approve of the ALP unit being formed. The Afghan Local Police (ALP) began as a small U.S. experiment but grew into a significant part of Afghanistan’s security apparatus. He said the incident happened in Khash district at midnight when a vehicle carrying the personnel hit a roadside mine. The Afghan Local Police, a component of U.S. SOF's Village Stability Operations (VSO) program was a successful example of local defense forces in COIN. Local police units in Paktika province say they want their recent successes in driving out the Taleban to be translated into better pay and more advanced weaponry. In summary, let me restate the basic facts about the Afghan Local Police program. If the community was receptive then the recruitment of ALP members would proceed. First, it should expand its support for civil society. Only a minority of the existing ALP would likely pass muster in such a stringent system, but those remaining should receive pay increases equivalent to those received by the national police (ANP), and adequate support from the government and international community. The Afghan Local Police consists of locally recruited forces supervised by the Afghan government and the United States. Afghan Local Police. But such conditions do not exist in many districts. European leaders could qualify such reassurances and align them with EU principles by allowing for re-evaluation in the event of changes to the government in a peace settlement, as the EU did in its May Council conclusions. What the insurgents have made clear is their stance on a ceasefire. Link. Diplomacy in the UN Security Council, Afghanistan's Peace Process Will Be Long, Incremental and in Need of a Mediator. The Afghan Local Police (ALP) was established by U.S. Army Special Forces in 2010 to serve as a locally-based village or community self-defense force. This deadlock coincided with the spread of COVID-19 across Afghanistan. The 2010 Afghan Local Police initiative formalised the status and structure of these This must be done carefully and slowly, or else insurgents will win a new military edge. On the government side, Afghan leaders have spent the year deadlocked over political appointments, rendering governance increasingly dysfunctional. Teachers who feel outraged by ALP behaviour and pick up guns to attack an ALP outpost may have no connection to insurgents and may quickly return peacefully to civilian life. The formal three-week training program was usually conducted by the U.S. special operations team that would form the nucleus of the Village Stability Platform. Some members are outright bandits, exacerbating conflict. The target goal for 2011 was 10,000 forces, the US military reportedly plans to increase the number of forces to 30,000.  Some critics who want an increased advisory presence in Afghanistan (therefore higher troop levels) suggest that increasing the SOF support to the ALP program – beyond the current SOAG – is warranted. This commentary is part of our Watch List 2020 - Autumn Update. The EU has already affirmed its commitment to the protection of human and women’s rights and encouraged strong representation of women in intra-Afghan talks, but it should promote efforts that go beyond the structure of formal negotiations to lay grassroots groundwork for lasting peace. Naturally, without the constant supervision, oversight, advice, assistance, training, and support of the U.S. special operations teams the effectiveness, in most cases, of the Afghan Local Police diminished. For all of the reasons stated above, a program of local men policing their own villages, when properly monitored against the obvious pitfalls, is a key ingredient to stabilizing Afghanistan. In hundreds of rural communities, members serve on the front lines of a war that is reaching heights of violence not witnessed since 2001, as … The number of the Afghan National Police was reported at 157,000 in September 2013, which is expected to reach 160,000 by the end of 2014. The Afghan government wants to increase the size of the ALP from it’s present strength of 28,000 to 40,000 (maybe even higher). This was caused by inexperienced, corrupt, and inept government officials and organizations at the national and provincial level. Afghanistan The Afghan Local Police were a key component of the Village Stability Operations program – providing the ‘security’ aspect of VSO (along with the Afghan National Army and the Afghan National Police that were also within the VSO area of operations). They should do so before the end of 2020, in spite of the uncertainties surrounding the peace process and U.S. Afghanistan policy. These were formed, most times without the knowledge of U.S. forces, without the ALP establishment process (selection and vetting) and training the ‘U.S. Their contract will be for five years and after the termination of their contract they can join Afghan National Army or Afghan National Police or adopt their normal lives. The Taliban have yet to fully articulate what they believe a future Afghan state should look like, as Crisis Group has noted. August 22, 2016 2 Feb 2020 - 17:18 . The Afghan government has responded to the criticism by increasing accountability of these local units by its Afghan Local Police Directorate, and the sole funder of … The mixed record suggests that the ALP contribute to security where local factors allow recruitment of members from the villages they patrol and where they respect their own communities. Since then, the two leaders and their allies have repeatedly disagreed on appointments of officials and delineation of authority, reminding Afghans of the disputes that plagued the power-sharing government of 2014-2019. As the drawdown of U.S. and Coalition troops began in 2012 the United States began closing down some of the Village Stability Platforms and transferring the responsibility of the VSPs and ALP to the respective District Governor (DGov) and District Chief of Police (DCoP). VOA’s Ayesha Tanzeem spent time with the Afghan Local Police in the Achin district of Eastern Afghanistan, where this force is primarily fighting the Islamic State militants. The ALP units are recruited from local communities of key areas where Afghan government influence or control was minimal. At times, this reflected the way ALP units have become a central part of the war, singled out by Taliban as important targets. Afghan Highway Police 3. The only exception is a small advisory team located at Camp Resolute Support HQs in Kabul that works with the Afghan MoI on ALP issues. U.S. planners realised they were sending Afghan forces into rural communities that treated them as outsiders because of their tribe, ethnicity or urban background. As the principle component of the Village Stability Operations (VSO) initiative, the Afghan Local Police [ALP] are village-based security forces administered by the MoI. As for the U.S., its approach seems guided by the desire to disengage its troops as soon as possible. Afghanistan’s National Action Plan for implementing UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security is regarded by experts as a “top-down” approach, which should be balanced by EU support to local initiatives such as local councils that advocate for peace. Abdullah’s staff refused to vacate Presidential Palace grounds (where they had been working as part of a power-sharing deal struck between Abdullah and Ghani after the previous election in 2014). The Afghan Local Police (ALP), which emerged from a range of village militias, are separate from the regular national police. While negotiating the rules and procedures to govern the talks, the two sides tangled over what Islamic legal interpretation should be used to mediate future disagreements (the government team insisted on acknowledging Shia Islam and non-Muslim minorities’ existence in the framework of the talks, which the Taliban have rejected). Video. MARSOC’s military working dog Wilbur takes a break with his handler after successfully searching a site for an Afghan Local Police checkpoint in Helmand province, Afghanistan. It is a culturally appropriate Afghan solution to an Afghan problem. For all of the reasons stated above, a program of local men policing their own villages, when properly monitored against the obvious pitfalls, is a key ingredient to stabilizing Afghanistan. The war continued to take a high toll, however, as the rates of targeted killings and small bombings climbed in many parts of the country. Afghan Local Police. The Afghan National Police (ANP) is an organization that falls under the control and responsibility of the Afghan Ministry of Interior, along with the Counter-Narcotics Police of Afghanistan (CNPA) and the Counter Terrorism Department. It is far from clear that the Taliban’s vision will be acceptable to other parties and the many Afghans who fear the Taliban may wish to curtail rights and freedoms. But that leverage is only as strong as member states’ unity. Although the 2010 Afghan Local Police initiative brought them under the authority of See also [edit | edit source] Afghan Local Police (ALP) Afghan National Security Forces Those strikes contributed to record levels of civilian casualties in 2019, and observers hoped that casualty figures would plummet in 2020. searching for Afghan Local Police 35 found (56 total) alternate case: afghan Local Police. 0. Such behaviour often provokes violence: in 2014, an ALP officer was three to six times more likely to be killed on duty than his ANSF counterpart. Armed militants have overrun Afghan Local Police (ALP) and a public uprising unit’s posts in the Mirza Olang village of Sayad district in Sar-e Pul province on 6 August 2017. Die Afghan Local Police (deutsch: Lokale Afghanische Polizei) oder kurz ALP ist eine im August 2010 vorgestellte, paramilitärische Hilfspolizeitruppe aus Afghanistan. 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